The promise of “40 acres and a mule” officially was made in 1865. The U.S. government decided that newly freed African Americans should have a plot of land to call their own. Three years earlier, when 90% of African Americans still were enslaved, the federal government enacted the Homestead Act and started offering free 160 acre plots of land to settlers, mostly white Americans.
This episode is a tale of two promises made by the government – one kept, one broken. What happened, and what does this have to do with the existing wealth gap between African Americans and white Americans? Find out in this episode.
The Ways & Means podcast series “The Arc of Justice – From Here to Equality” is inspired by the research of the economist William A. “Sandy” Darity Jr. Darity is the Samuel DuBois Cook Distinguished Professor of Public Policy at the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University. He has written an award-winning book with the folklorist and arts consultant A. Kirsten Mullen, From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the 21st Century.
- Read the book From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the 21st Century
- Read Neil Bhutta et al’s article, Disparities in Wealth by Race and Ethnicity in the 2019 Survey of Consumer Finances (September 28, 2020).
- Learn more about the Homestead Act in this article by Trina R. Williams, “Asset-building Policy As a Response to Wealth Inequality: Drawing Implications from the Homestead Act” (2003).
- Explore this study on Tracing Family, Teaching Race in which Jennifer Mueller challenged students to look into their family’s financial histories regarding the Homestead Act (2013).
- Read episode transcript
- Download the discussion guide
- Subscribe to the live series finale April 15, 2021
Theme music by David Schulman. Original music for this episode was produced by youth in Durham, North Carolina in collaboration with Blackspace and Only Us, featuring music from King Shaun, Areon, Zone and Jamm. Additional original music by Solomon Fox, appearing courtesy of Forging The Musical Future [FTMF Talent].
Additional music from the National Jukebox – Library of Congress
Thanks to the owners and staff of Rose Hill Estate, Jennifer Mueller, Apryl Williams and Trina Williams-Shanks.
The Arc of Justice – From Here to Equality is a series of Ways & Means produced in partnership with North Carolina Public Radio WUNC. It is made possible through support from the Duke Office for Faculty Advancement thanks to funding from The Duke Endowment.